Margaret J. Kay, Ed.D. Psychologist
Nationally Certified School Psychologist (NCSP)
Licensed Psychologist in PA and DE
Fellow American College of Forensic Examiners in Educational and School Psychology
Lancaster Office Phone: (717) 569-6223
The United States Center for Disease Control (CDC) defines concussion is a "type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head that can change the way the brain normally works".
Concussions can also result from a fall or a blow to the body that causes the head and brain to move quickly back and forth.
Healthcare professionals describe a concussion as a “mild” brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, their effects can be quite serious.
Some people with a concussion recover quickly and fully but for others the symptoms can last for days, weeks or longer. In general, recovery may be slower among older adults, young children and teens.
Those who have had a concussion in the past are also at risk of having another one and may find that it takes longer to recover if they have another concussion.
Some symptoms of concussion may appear right away, while others may not be noticed for days or months after the injury or until the person starts resuming everyday life and more demands are placed upon them.
The signs and symptoms of a concussion can be difficult to sort out. Early on, problems may be missed by the person with the concussion, family members or doctors. People with concussions may also look fine, even though they are acting or feeling differently.
Brain Concussion Animation
Symptoms of concussion usually fall into four categories:
So if you've had a head injury or suspect a concussion, be sure to see us for a full neuropsychological evaluation. We are concussion experts and can get you back on the road to recovery.