The Cogmed training program helps children and adults improve attention by increasing their working memory capacity. Working memory is the cognitive function responsible for keeping information online, manipulating it, and using it in your thinking.

Working memory is the way that you delegate the things you encounter to the parts of your brain that can take action. In this way, working memory is necessary for staying focused on a task, blocking out distractions, and keeping you updated and aware about what’s going on around you.

We use our working memory constantly in daily life helping us to perform efficiently and effectively in academic, professional, and social settings. Cogmed exists to help you improve your working memory to be better equipped to meet your challenges.

The guide below provides examples of how the working memory works and how a working memory deficit disrupts daily life at various age levels.

Working Memory Checklist

Symptoms of weak working memory capacity:

  • Easily distracted when working on or doing something that is not highly interesting.​


  • Struggles with reading comprehension and has to read through texts repeatedly to understand.​
  • Struggles to understand the context in a story or a conversation.
  • Has difficulty planning and organizing something that needs to be done in separate steps.
  • with completing tasks, especially multiple step tasks.
  • Has difficulty staying focused during cognitively demanding tasks but attends well when cognitive demands are minimal.


  • Has trouble waiting his/her turn, for example in a conversation or when waiting in line to get help.


  • Inconsistent in remembering math facts.

Margaret J. Kay, Ed.D. Psychologist
Nationally Certified School Psychologist (NCSP)
Lancaster Office Phone: (717) 569-6223
Delaware Office Phone: (302) 539-1346

  • Has difficulty taking notes and listening at the same time.
  • Has difficulty integrating new information with prior knowledge.
  • Has difficulty remembering long instructions given in several steps, for example following recipes, directions or school/work assignments.

717-569-6223                    mjk@margaretkay.com

  • When called on, forgets what he/she was planning to say.
  • Struggles with problem solving that requires holding information in mind, for example mental math calculations.
  • Struggles with completing tasks, especially multiple step tasks.

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